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From Roman Shaposhnik <>
Subject [VOTE] Accept Geode into the Apache Incubator
Date Mon, 20 Apr 2015 05:46:03 GMT
Following the discussion earlier in the thread:

I would like to call a VOTE for accepting Geode
as a new incubator project.

The proposal is available at:
and is also included at the bottom of this email.

Vote is open until at least Sunday, 26 April 2015, 23:59:00 PST

 [ ] +1 accept Geode in the Incubator
 [ ] ±0
 [ ] -1 because...


== Abstract ==
Geode is a data management platform that provides real-time,
consistent access to data-intensive applications throughout widely
distributed cloud architectures.

Geode pools memory (along with CPU, network and optionally local disk)
across multiple processes to manage application objects and behavior.
It uses dynamic replication and data partitioning techniques for high
availability, improved performance, scalability, and fault tolerance.
Geode is both a distributed data container and an in-memory data
management system providing reliable asynchronous event notifications
and guaranteed message delivery.

== Proposal ==
The goal of this proposal is to bring the core of Pivotal Software,
Inc.’s (Pivotal) Pivotal GemFireⓇ codebase into the Apache Software
Foundation (ASF) in order to build a vibrant, diverse and
self-governed open source community around the technology. Pivotal
will continue to market and sell Pivotal GemFire based on Geode. Geode
and Pivotal GemFire will be managed separately. This proposal covers
the Geode source code (mainly written in Java), Geode documentation
and other materials currently available on GitHub.

While Geode is our primary choice for a name of the project, in order
to facilitate PODLINGNAMESEARCH we have come up with two alternatives:
  * Haptic
  * FIG

== Background ==
GemFire is an extremely mature and robust product that can trace its
legacy all the way back to one of the first Object Databases for
Smalltalk: GemStone. The GemFire code base has been maintained by the
same group of engineers as a closed source project. Because of that,
even though the engineers behind GemFire are the de-facto knowledge
leaders for distributed in-memory management, they have had little
exposure to the open source governance process.    The original
company developing GemStone and GemFire was acquired by VMWare in 2010
and later spun off as part of Pivotal Software in 2013. Today GemFire
is used by over 600 enterprise customers. An example deployment
includes China National Railways that uses Pivotal GemFire to run
railway ticketing for the entire country of China with a 10 node
cluster that manages 2 gigabytes "hot data" in memory, and 10 backup
nodes for high availability and elastic scale.

== Rationale ==
Modern-day data management architectures require a robust in-memory
data grid solution to handle a variety of use cases, ranging from
enterprise-wide caching to real-time transactional applications at
scale. In addition, as memory size and network bandwidth growth
continues to outpace those of disk, the importance of managing large
pools of RAM at scale increases. It is essential to innovate at the
same pace and Pivotal strongly believes that in the Big Data space,
this can be optimally achieved through a vibrant, diverse,
self-governed community collectively innovating around a single
codebase while at the same time cross-pollinating with various other
data management communities. ASF is the ideal place to meet these
ambitious goals.

== Initial Goals ==
Our initial goals are to bring Geode into the ASF, transition internal
engineering processes into the open, and foster a collaborative
development model according to the "Apache Way." Pivotal plans to
develop new functionality in an open, community-driven way. To get
there, the existing internal build, test and release processes will be
refactored to support open development.

== Current Status ==
Currently, the project code base is licensed for evaluation purposes
and is available for download from
( The documentation
and wiki pages are available as public GitHub repositories under
Project Geode organization on GitHub
( Although Pivotal GemFire was
developed as a proprietary, closed-source product, the internal
engineering practices adopted by the development team lend themselves
well to an open, collaborative and meritocratic environment.

The Pivotal GemFire team has always focused on building a robust end
user community of paying and non-paying customers. The existing
documentation along with StackOverflow and other similar forums are
expected to facilitate conversions between our existing users so as to
transform them into an active community of Geode members, stakeholders
and developers.

=== Meritocracy ===
Our proposed list of initial committers include the current GemFire
R&D team, Pivotal Field Engineers, and several existing customers and
partners. This group will form a base for the broader community we
will invite to collaborate on the codebase. We intend to radically
expand the initial developer and user community by running the project
in accordance with the "Apache Way". Users and new contributors will
be treated with respect and welcomed. By participating in the
community and providing quality patches/support that move the project
forward, they will earn merit. They also will be encouraged to provide
non-code contributions (documentation, events, community management,
etc.) and will gain merit for doing so. Those with a proven support
and quality track record will be encouraged to become committers.

=== Community ===
If Geode is accepted for incubation, the primary initial goal will be
transitioning the core community towards embracing the Apache Way of
project governance. We would solicit major existing contributors to
become committers on the project from the start.

=== Core Developers ===

While a few core developers are skilled in working in openly governed
Apache communities. Most of the core developers are currently NOT
affiliated with the ASF and would require new ICLAs before committing
to the project.

=== Alignment ===
The following existing ASF projects can be considered when reviewing
Geode proposal:

Apache HadoopⓇ is a distributed storage and processing framework for
very large datasets focusing primarily on batch processing for
analytic purposes. Geode is a data management platform that provides
real-time, consistent, and transactional access to data-intensive
applications. Our roadmap includes plans to provide close integration
with HDFS.

Apache HBase offers tabular data stored in Hadoop based on the Google
Bigtable model.  HBase uses a key-based partitioning scheme and column
family data model that can work well for scan intensive workloads but
is not as broadly applicable as the rich object model, OQL querying,
and hash partitioning provided by Geode.  Geode will use the HFile
format for storing data in HDFS.

Apache Spark is a fast engine for processing large datasets, typically
from a Hadoop cluster, and performing batch, streaming, interactive,
or machine learning workloads.  Geode supports high throughput
streaming ingest application patterns and data parallel algorithms.
Geode also ensures that data is highly available through redundancy
while Spark recovers from faults using RDD lineage recomputation.  Our
roadmap includes plans for providing integration with the Spark

Apache Ignite (incubating) offers distributed in-memory processing
capabilities which in some ways overlap with Geode.  However, Geode
has been in this field for more than 10 years and the product API's,
design, and implementation details are quite different.  In addition,
Geode offers highly optimized shared-nothing disk persistence for
in-memory data which does not appear to be available with Ignite.

Apache Cassandra is a highly scalable, distributed key-value store
that focuses on eventual consistency.  It uses log-structured merge
trees to handle write-heavy workloads.  The Geode distributed
in-memory cluster provides highly performant and advanced capabilities
including network partition detection and recovery, version-based
state synchronization and conflict resolution, and single IO disk

Apache ActiveMQ and its sub project Apache Apollo offers a powerful
message queue framework that is being considered for an open source
implementation of Geode's WAN replication capabilities.

Apache Storm is a streaming engine that processes events through a
directed graph of computation. It requires Apache Zookeeper for
coordination and Apache Kafka to reliably store the streaming data
source. Geode provides builtin capabilities for these functions. In
addition, Geode offers data locality for related entities and
in-process access to reference data typically used during processing.

Apache Kafka offers distributed and durable publish-subscribe
messaging. Geode expands beyond publish-subscribe messaging to support
data oriented notifications delivered from highly available, fault
tolerant event queues that can be easily correlated to related data
for further processing. Apache Samza is a distributed processing
framework heavily dependent on Apache Kafka and Apache Hadoop YARN for
messaging and distributed fault-tolerant processing.  Geode is data
source agnostic and leverages its own technology and implementation
for such use cases.

== Known Risks ==
Development has been sponsored mostly by a single company (or its
predecessors) thus far and coordinated mainly by the core Pivotal
GemFire team.

For the project to fully transition to the Apache Way governance
model, development must shift towards the meritocracy-centric model of
growing a community of contributors balanced with the needs for
extreme stability and core implementation coherency.

The tools and development practices in place for the Pivotal GemFire
product are compatible with the ASF infrastructure and thus we do not
anticipate any on-boarding pains. Migration from the current GitHub
repository is also expected to be straightforward.

The project currently includes a modified version of the JGroups
software toolkit. JGroups was initially released under the LGPL
license. Although we have complied with the terms of the LGPL by
making the modified source available, LGPL is classified as an
incompatible license by the ASF.  The JGroups project has since been
re-licenced under ALv2 (see and
we plan to engage with the licensor to overcome this license
incompatibility. If the license incompatibility cannot be overcome
through our discussions with the licensor, we will need to rework this
portion of the project based upon a newer version of the JGroups
toolkit or via other alternative development efforts.

=== Orphaned products ===
Pivotal is fully committed to Pivotal GemFire and the product will
continue to be based on the Geode project. Moreover, Pivotal has a
vested interest in making Geode succeed by driving its close
integration with sister ASF projects. We expect this to further
reduces the risk of orphaning the product.

=== Inexperience with Open Source ===
Pivotal has embraced open source software since its formation by
employing contributors/committers and by shepherding open source
projects like Cloud Foundry, Spring, RabbitMQ and MADlib. Pivotal also
supports other open source projects such as Redis, Chorus, Groovy and
Grails. We have experience with the formation of vibrant communities
around open technologies with the Cloud Foundry Foundation.  Although
some of the initial committers have not been developers on an entirely
open source, community-driven project, we expect to bring to bear the
open development practices that have proven successful on longstanding
Pivotal open source projects to the Geode project.  Additionally,
several ASF veterans agreed to mentor the project and are listed in
this proposal. The project will rely on their guidance and collective
wisdom to quickly transition the entire team of initial committers
towards practicing the Apache Way.

=== Homogeneous Developers ===
While most of the initial committers are employed by Pivotal, we have
already seen a healthy level of interest from our existing customers
and partners. We intend to convert that interest directly into
participation and will be investing in activities to recruit
additional committers from other companies.

=== Reliance on Salaried Developers ===
Most of the contributors are paid to work in the Big Data space. While
they might wander from their current employers, they are unlikely to
venture far from their core expertises and thus will continue to be
engaged with the project regardless of their current employers.

=== Relationships with Other Apache Products ===
As mentioned in the Alignment section, Geode may consider various
degrees of integration and code exchange with Apache Ignite
(incubating), Apache Hadoop, Apache Storm, Apache Spark and Apache
Kafka/Samza. Given the success that the Pivotal GemFire product
enjoyed as an embedded service, we expect integration points to be
inside and outside the project. We look forward to collaborating with
these communities as well as other communities under the Apache

=== An Excessive Fascination with the Apache Brand ===
While we intend to leverage the Apache ‘branding’ when talking to
other projects as testament of our project’s ‘neutrality’, we have no
plans for making use of Apache brand in press releases nor posting
billboards advertising acceptance of Geode into Apache Incubator.

== Documentation ==
See documentation for the current state of the project documentation
available as part of the GitHub repository at and live at

== Initial Source ==
Pivotal is releasing the source code for Geode under an Evaluation
License at .  We
encourage ASF community members interested in  this proposal to
download the source code, review and try out the software.

== Source and Intellectual Property Submission Plan ==
As soon as Geode is approved to join Apache Incubator, the source code
will be transitioned via the Software Grant Agreement onto ASF
infrastructure and in turn made available under the Apache License,
version 2.0.  We know of no legal encumberments that would inhibit the
transfer of source code to the ASF.

== External Dependencies ==

Embedded dependencies (relocated):
   * json
   * jgroups
   * joptsimple

Runtime dependencies:
   * antlr
   * classmate
   * commons-fileupload
   * commons-io
   * commons-lang
   * commons-modeler
   * fastutil
   * findbugs annotations
   * guava
   * jackson
   * jansi
   * javax.activation
   * javax.mail-api
   * javax.resource-api
   * javax.servlet-api
   * javax.transaction-api
   * jetty
   * jline
   * jna
   * json4s
   * log4j
   * mx4j
   * paranamer
   * scala
   * slf4j
   * snappy-java
   * spring
   * swagger

Module or optional dependencies:
   * None

Build only dependencies:
   * None

Test only dependencies:
   * cglib
   * hamcrest
   * jmock
   * junit
   * multithreadedtc
   * objenesis


== Required Resources ==

=== Mailing lists ===
  * (moderated subscriptions)

=== Git Repository ===

=== Issue Tracking ===
JIRA Project Geode (GEODE)

=== Other Resources ===

Means of setting up regular builds for Geode on

== Initial Committers ==
  * Amey Barve
  * Adib Saikali
  * Alan Strait
  * Amogh Shetkar
  * Anil Gingade
  * Anilkumar Gingade
  * Anthony Baker
  * Ashvin Agrawal
  * Asif Shahid
  * Avinash Dongre
  * Barry Oglesby
  * Ben Reser
  * Bruce Schuchardt
  * Bruce Szalwinski
  * Catherine Johnson
  * Chip Childers
  * Christian Tzolov
  * Dan Smith
  * Darrel Schneider
  * Dave Muirhead
  * David Yozie
  * Dick Cavender
  * Edin Zulich
  * Eric Shu
  * Gideon Low
  * Greg Chase
  * Hemant Bhanawat
  * Henry Saputra
  * Hitesh Khamesra
  * Jacob Barrett
  * Jags Ramnarayan
  * Jan Iversen
  * Jason Huynh
  * Jens Deppe
  * Jianxia Chen
  * John Blum
  * Justin Erenkrantz
  * Ketan Deshpande
  * Kirk Lund
  * Kishor Bachhav
  * Konstantin Boudnik
  * Konstantin Ignatyev
  * Lise Storc
  * Luke Shannon
  * Lyndon Adams
  * Lynn Gallinat
  * Lynn Hughes-Godfrey
  * Mark Bretl
  * Michael Schubert
  * Namrata Thanvi
  * Neeraj Kumar
  * Nilkanth Patel
  * Qihong Chen
  * Rahul Diyewar
  * Randy May
  * Roman Shaposhnik
  * Severine Tymon
  * Shatarupa Nandi
  * Shirish Deshmukh
  * Sonal Agarwal
  * Soubhik Chakraborty
  * Sourabh Bansod
  * Stephane Maldini
  * Stuart Williams
  * Sudhir Menon
  * Sunil Jigyasu
  * Supriya Pillai
  * Suranjan Kumar
  * Suyog Bhokare
  * Swapnil Bawaskar
  * Swati Sawant
  * Tushar Khairnar
  * Udo Kohlmeyer
  * Vince Ford
  * Vinesh Prasanna Manoharan
  * Vivek Bhaskar
  * Wes Williams
  * William A. Rowe Jr.
  * William Markito
  * Will Schipp
  * Xiaojian Zhou
  * Yogesh Mahajan

== Affiliations ==
  * WANDisco: Konstantin Boudnik
  * Bloomberg LP: Justin Erenkrantz
  * Cloud Foundry Foundation: Chip Childers
  * NASA JPL: Chris Mattmann
  * Unaffiliated: Jan Iversen
  * CDK Global: Ben Reser, Konstantin Ignatyev, Bruce Szalwinski
  * Pivotal: everyone else on this proposal

== Sponsors ==

=== Champion ===
Roman Shaposhnik

=== Nominated Mentors ===

The initial mentors are listed below:
  * Chip Childers - Apache Member, Cloud Foundry Foundation
  * Justin Erenkrantz - Apache Member, Bloomberg LP
  * Konstantin Boudnik - Apache Member, WANDisco
  * Jan Iversen - Apache Member, Self employed
  * William A. Rowe Jr. - Apache Member, Pivotal
  * Henry Saputra - Apache Member, Pivotal
  * Roman Shaposhnik - Apache Member, Pivotal
  * Chris Mattmann - Apache Member, NASA JPL

=== Sponsoring Entity ===
We would like to propose Apache incubator to sponsor this project.

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