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From Curt Arnold <carn...@houston.rr.com>
Subject Unicode issues (was Re: Questions about include/log4cxx/helpers/tchar.h)
Date Wed, 07 Jul 2004 06:30:05 GMT
Another scenario that seems troubling is when a filename is specified 
in an XML configuration file that contains a character not 
representable in the current locale code page when using a non-Unicode 
version of log4cxx.  I assume that the filename would be mangled.

I don't think using UTF-8 internally would be practical since that 
would probably require mucking with the locale settings (on at least 
some platforms) and a logging library should not be doing that.  My 
current take is log4cxx should expose logging methods for char*, 
wchar_t*,  std::string& and std::wstring& and the "standard" build 
should use wchar_t internally (or possibly unsigned short).  Adding 
logging methods for unsigned short* and std::basic_string<unsigned 
short> might also be desirable.

Macros could be used to configure a build that uses char internals, but 
that would not be the product build and would be expected to behave 
undesirably when it encounters characters that cannot be represented in 
the current code page.

http://xml.apache.org/xerces-c/build-misc.html#XMLChInfo has some 
details on why they do not use wchar_t internally but use unsigned 
shorts containing UTF-16 encoding.  It greatly simplifies the fairly 
significant amount of character checking needed in XML if all internal 
representations are UTF-16 on all platforms.  However, I think 
compatibility with the wchar_t RTL functions would be significantly 
more important for log4cxx and the need for checking specific code 
points would be nearly nonexistent.  The key criteria would be that the 
internal character type be able to represent all the potentially 
encountered characters.  Exposing debug(unsigned short*), etc, could be 
useful when applications that use Xerces-C have need to log content in 
XMLCh*.


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