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From j...@apache.org
Subject kafka git commit: KAFKA-4714; Flatten and Cast single message transforms (KIP-66)
Date Wed, 17 May 2017 06:07:49 GMT
Repository: kafka
Updated Branches:
  refs/heads/trunk ebc7f7caa -> 1cea4d8f5


KAFKA-4714; Flatten and Cast single message transforms (KIP-66)

Author: Ewen Cheslack-Postava <me@ewencp.org>

Reviewers: Konstantine Karantasis <konstantine@confluent.io>, Shikhar Bhushan <shikhar@confluent.io>, Jason Gustafson <jason@confluent.io>

Closes #2458 from ewencp/kafka-3209-even-more-transforms


Project: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/kafka/repo
Commit: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/kafka/commit/1cea4d8f
Tree: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/kafka/tree/1cea4d8f
Diff: http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/kafka/diff/1cea4d8f

Branch: refs/heads/trunk
Commit: 1cea4d8f5a51cc5795ddd3af2ea015b9e14d937d
Parents: ebc7f7c
Author: Ewen Cheslack-Postava <me@ewencp.org>
Authored: Tue May 16 23:05:35 2017 -0700
Committer: Jason Gustafson <jason@confluent.io>
Committed: Tue May 16 23:05:35 2017 -0700

----------------------------------------------------------------------
 .../kafka/connect/data/SchemaBuilder.java       |   2 +-
 .../kafka/connect/tools/TransformationDoc.java  |   6 +-
 .../apache/kafka/connect/transforms/Cast.java   | 417 +++++++++++++++++++
 .../kafka/connect/transforms/Flatten.java       | 281 +++++++++++++
 .../connect/transforms/util/Requirements.java   |   1 +
 .../connect/transforms/util/SchemaUtil.java     |   4 +
 .../kafka/connect/transforms/CastTest.java      | 384 +++++++++++++++++
 .../kafka/connect/transforms/FlattenTest.java   | 257 ++++++++++++
 8 files changed, 1350 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
----------------------------------------------------------------------


http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/kafka/blob/1cea4d8f/connect/api/src/main/java/org/apache/kafka/connect/data/SchemaBuilder.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/connect/api/src/main/java/org/apache/kafka/connect/data/SchemaBuilder.java b/connect/api/src/main/java/org/apache/kafka/connect/data/SchemaBuilder.java
index f0c4586..058660e 100644
--- a/connect/api/src/main/java/org/apache/kafka/connect/data/SchemaBuilder.java
+++ b/connect/api/src/main/java/org/apache/kafka/connect/data/SchemaBuilder.java
@@ -75,7 +75,7 @@ public class SchemaBuilder implements Schema {
     // Additional parameters for logical types.
     private Map<String, String> parameters;
 
-    private SchemaBuilder(Type type) {
+    public SchemaBuilder(Type type) {
         this.type = type;
         if (type == Type.STRUCT) {
             fields = new LinkedHashMap<>();

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/kafka/blob/1cea4d8f/connect/runtime/src/main/java/org/apache/kafka/connect/tools/TransformationDoc.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/connect/runtime/src/main/java/org/apache/kafka/connect/tools/TransformationDoc.java b/connect/runtime/src/main/java/org/apache/kafka/connect/tools/TransformationDoc.java
index 5616613..1a8f0a8 100644
--- a/connect/runtime/src/main/java/org/apache/kafka/connect/tools/TransformationDoc.java
+++ b/connect/runtime/src/main/java/org/apache/kafka/connect/tools/TransformationDoc.java
@@ -17,7 +17,9 @@
 package org.apache.kafka.connect.tools;
 
 import org.apache.kafka.common.config.ConfigDef;
+import org.apache.kafka.connect.transforms.Cast;
 import org.apache.kafka.connect.transforms.ExtractField;
+import org.apache.kafka.connect.transforms.Flatten;
 import org.apache.kafka.connect.transforms.HoistField;
 import org.apache.kafka.connect.transforms.InsertField;
 import org.apache.kafka.connect.transforms.MaskField;
@@ -54,7 +56,9 @@ public class TransformationDoc {
             new DocInfo(ExtractField.class.getName(), ExtractField.OVERVIEW_DOC, ExtractField.CONFIG_DEF),
             new DocInfo(SetSchemaMetadata.class.getName(), SetSchemaMetadata.OVERVIEW_DOC, SetSchemaMetadata.CONFIG_DEF),
             new DocInfo(TimestampRouter.class.getName(), TimestampRouter.OVERVIEW_DOC, TimestampRouter.CONFIG_DEF),
-            new DocInfo(RegexRouter.class.getName(), RegexRouter.OVERVIEW_DOC, RegexRouter.CONFIG_DEF)
+            new DocInfo(RegexRouter.class.getName(), RegexRouter.OVERVIEW_DOC, RegexRouter.CONFIG_DEF),
+            new DocInfo(Flatten.class.getName(), Flatten.OVERVIEW_DOC, Flatten.CONFIG_DEF),
+            new DocInfo(Cast.class.getName(), Cast.OVERVIEW_DOC, Cast.CONFIG_DEF)
     );
 
     private static void printTransformationHtml(PrintStream out, DocInfo docInfo) {

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/kafka/blob/1cea4d8f/connect/transforms/src/main/java/org/apache/kafka/connect/transforms/Cast.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/connect/transforms/src/main/java/org/apache/kafka/connect/transforms/Cast.java b/connect/transforms/src/main/java/org/apache/kafka/connect/transforms/Cast.java
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..17be48c
--- /dev/null
+++ b/connect/transforms/src/main/java/org/apache/kafka/connect/transforms/Cast.java
@@ -0,0 +1,417 @@
+/*
+ * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
+ * contributor license agreements. See the NOTICE file distributed with
+ * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
+ * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
+ * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
+ * the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ *
+ *    http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ *
+ * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
+ * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
+ * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
+ * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
+ * limitations under the License.
+ */
+
+package org.apache.kafka.connect.transforms;
+
+import org.apache.kafka.common.cache.Cache;
+import org.apache.kafka.common.cache.LRUCache;
+import org.apache.kafka.common.cache.SynchronizedCache;
+import org.apache.kafka.common.config.ConfigDef;
+import org.apache.kafka.common.config.ConfigException;
+import org.apache.kafka.connect.connector.ConnectRecord;
+import org.apache.kafka.connect.data.ConnectSchema;
+import org.apache.kafka.connect.data.Field;
+import org.apache.kafka.connect.data.Schema;
+import org.apache.kafka.connect.data.SchemaBuilder;
+import org.apache.kafka.connect.data.Struct;
+import org.apache.kafka.connect.errors.DataException;
+import org.apache.kafka.connect.transforms.util.SchemaUtil;
+import org.apache.kafka.connect.transforms.util.SimpleConfig;
+
+import java.util.Arrays;
+import java.util.HashMap;
+import java.util.HashSet;
+import java.util.List;
+import java.util.Locale;
+import java.util.Map;
+import java.util.Set;
+
+import static org.apache.kafka.connect.transforms.util.Requirements.requireMap;
+import static org.apache.kafka.connect.transforms.util.Requirements.requireStruct;
+
+public abstract class Cast<R extends ConnectRecord<R>> implements Transformation<R> {
+
+    // TODO: Currently we only support top-level field casting. Ideally we could use a dotted notation in the spec to
+    // allow casting nested fields.
+    public static final String OVERVIEW_DOC =
+            "Cast fields or the entire key or value to a specific type, e.g. to force an integer field to a smaller "
+                    + "width. Only simple primitive types are supported -- integers, floats, boolean, and string. "
+                    + "<p/>Use the concrete transformation type designed for the record key (<code>" + Key.class.getName() + "</code>) "
+                    + "or value (<code>" + Value.class.getName() + "</code>).";
+
+    public static final String SPEC_CONFIG = "spec";
+
+    public static final ConfigDef CONFIG_DEF = new ConfigDef()
+            .define(SPEC_CONFIG, ConfigDef.Type.LIST, ConfigDef.NO_DEFAULT_VALUE, new ConfigDef.Validator() {
+                    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
+                    @Override
+                    public void ensureValid(String name, Object valueObject) {
+                        List<String> value = (List<String>) valueObject;
+                        if (value == null || value.isEmpty()) {
+                            throw new ConfigException("Must specify at least one field to cast.");
+                        }
+                        parseFieldTypes(value);
+                    }
+
+                    @Override
+                    public String toString() {
+                        return "list of colon-delimited pairs, e.g. <code>foo:bar,abc:xyz</code>";
+                    }
+            },
+            ConfigDef.Importance.HIGH,
+            "List of fields and the type to cast them to of the form field1:type,field2:type to cast fields of "
+                    + "Maps or Structs. A single type to cast the entire value. Valid types are int8, int16, int32, "
+                    + "int64, float32, float64, boolean, and string.");
+
+    private static final String PURPOSE = "cast types";
+
+    private static final Set<Schema.Type> SUPPORTED_CAST_TYPES = new HashSet<>(
+            Arrays.asList(Schema.Type.INT8, Schema.Type.INT16, Schema.Type.INT32, Schema.Type.INT64,
+                    Schema.Type.FLOAT32, Schema.Type.FLOAT64, Schema.Type.BOOLEAN, Schema.Type.STRING)
+    );
+
+    // As a special case for casting the entire value (e.g. the incoming key is a int64 but you know it could be an
+    // int32 and want the smaller width), we use an otherwise invalid field name in the cast spec to track this.
+    private static final String WHOLE_VALUE_CAST = null;
+
+    private Map<String, Schema.Type> casts;
+    private Schema.Type wholeValueCastType;
+    private Cache<Schema, Schema> schemaUpdateCache;
+
+    @Override
+    public void configure(Map<String, ?> props) {
+        final SimpleConfig config = new SimpleConfig(CONFIG_DEF, props);
+        casts = parseFieldTypes(config.getList(SPEC_CONFIG));
+        wholeValueCastType = casts.get(WHOLE_VALUE_CAST);
+        schemaUpdateCache = new SynchronizedCache<>(new LRUCache<Schema, Schema>(16));
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public R apply(R record) {
+        if (operatingSchema(record) == null) {
+            return applySchemaless(record);
+        } else {
+            return applyWithSchema(record);
+        }
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public ConfigDef config() {
+        return CONFIG_DEF;
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public void close() {
+    }
+
+
+    private R applySchemaless(R record) {
+        if (wholeValueCastType != null) {
+            return newRecord(record, null, castValueToType(operatingValue(record), wholeValueCastType));
+        }
+
+        final Map<String, Object> value = requireMap(operatingValue(record), PURPOSE);
+        final HashMap<String, Object> updatedValue = new HashMap<>(value);
+        for (Map.Entry<String, Schema.Type> fieldSpec : casts.entrySet()) {
+            String field = fieldSpec.getKey();
+            updatedValue.put(field, castValueToType(value.get(field), fieldSpec.getValue()));
+        }
+        return newRecord(record, null, updatedValue);
+    }
+
+    private R applyWithSchema(R record) {
+        Schema valueSchema = operatingSchema(record);
+        Schema updatedSchema = getOrBuildSchema(valueSchema);
+
+        // Whole-record casting
+        if (wholeValueCastType != null)
+            return newRecord(record, updatedSchema, castValueToType(operatingValue(record), wholeValueCastType));
+
+        // Casting within a struct
+        final Struct value = requireStruct(operatingValue(record), PURPOSE);
+
+        final Struct updatedValue = new Struct(updatedSchema);
+        for (Field field : value.schema().fields()) {
+            final Object origFieldValue = value.get(field);
+            final Schema.Type targetType = casts.get(field.name());
+            final Object newFieldValue = targetType != null ? castValueToType(origFieldValue, targetType) : origFieldValue;
+            updatedValue.put(updatedSchema.field(field.name()), newFieldValue);
+        }
+        return newRecord(record, updatedSchema, updatedValue);
+    }
+
+    private Schema getOrBuildSchema(Schema valueSchema) {
+        Schema updatedSchema = schemaUpdateCache.get(valueSchema);
+        if (updatedSchema != null)
+            return updatedSchema;
+
+        final SchemaBuilder builder;
+        if (wholeValueCastType != null) {
+            builder = SchemaUtil.copySchemaBasics(valueSchema, convertFieldType(wholeValueCastType));
+        } else {
+            builder = SchemaUtil.copySchemaBasics(valueSchema, SchemaBuilder.struct());
+            for (Field field : valueSchema.fields()) {
+                SchemaBuilder fieldBuilder =
+                        convertFieldType(casts.containsKey(field.name()) ? casts.get(field.name()) : field.schema().type());
+                if (field.schema().isOptional())
+                    fieldBuilder.optional();
+                if (field.schema().defaultValue() != null)
+                    fieldBuilder.defaultValue(castValueToType(field.schema().defaultValue(), fieldBuilder.type()));
+                builder.field(field.name(), fieldBuilder.build());
+            }
+        }
+
+        if (valueSchema.isOptional())
+            builder.optional();
+        if (valueSchema.defaultValue() != null)
+            builder.defaultValue(castValueToType(valueSchema.defaultValue(), builder.type()));
+
+        updatedSchema = builder.build();
+        schemaUpdateCache.put(valueSchema, updatedSchema);
+        return updatedSchema;
+    }
+
+    private SchemaBuilder convertFieldType(Schema.Type type) {
+        switch (type) {
+            case INT8:
+                return SchemaBuilder.int8();
+            case INT16:
+                return SchemaBuilder.int16();
+            case INT32:
+                return SchemaBuilder.int32();
+            case INT64:
+                return SchemaBuilder.int64();
+            case FLOAT32:
+                return SchemaBuilder.float32();
+            case FLOAT64:
+                return SchemaBuilder.float64();
+            case BOOLEAN:
+                return SchemaBuilder.bool();
+            case STRING:
+                return SchemaBuilder.string();
+            default:
+                throw new DataException("Unexpected type in Cast transformation: " + type);
+        }
+
+    }
+
+    private static Object castValueToType(Object value, Schema.Type targetType) {
+        try {
+            if (value == null) return null;
+
+            Schema.Type inferredType = ConnectSchema.schemaType(value.getClass());
+            if (inferredType == null) {
+                throw new DataException("Cast transformation was passed a value of type " + value.getClass()
+                        + " which is not supported by Connect's data API");
+            }
+            // Ensure the type we are trying to cast from is supported
+            validCastType(inferredType, FieldType.INPUT);
+
+            switch (targetType) {
+                case INT8:
+                    return castToInt8(value);
+                case INT16:
+                    return castToInt16(value);
+                case INT32:
+                    return castToInt32(value);
+                case INT64:
+                    return castToInt64(value);
+                case FLOAT32:
+                    return castToFloat32(value);
+                case FLOAT64:
+                    return castToFloat64(value);
+                case BOOLEAN:
+                    return castToBoolean(value);
+                case STRING:
+                    return castToString(value);
+                default:
+                    throw new DataException(targetType.toString() + " is not supported in the Cast transformation.");
+            }
+        } catch (NumberFormatException e) {
+            throw new DataException("Value (" + value.toString() + ") was out of range for requested data type", e);
+        }
+    }
+
+    private static byte castToInt8(Object value) {
+        if (value instanceof Number)
+            return ((Number) value).byteValue();
+        else if (value instanceof Boolean)
+            return ((boolean) value) ? (byte) 1 : (byte) 0;
+        else if (value instanceof String)
+            return Byte.parseByte((String) value);
+        else
+            throw new DataException("Unexpected type in Cast transformation: " + value.getClass());
+    }
+
+    private static short castToInt16(Object value) {
+        if (value instanceof Number)
+            return ((Number) value).shortValue();
+        else if (value instanceof Boolean)
+            return ((boolean) value) ? (short) 1 : (short) 0;
+        else if (value instanceof String)
+            return Short.parseShort((String) value);
+        else
+            throw new DataException("Unexpected type in Cast transformation: " + value.getClass());
+    }
+
+    private static int castToInt32(Object value) {
+        if (value instanceof Number)
+            return ((Number) value).intValue();
+        else if (value instanceof Boolean)
+            return ((boolean) value) ? 1 : 0;
+        else if (value instanceof String)
+            return Integer.parseInt((String) value);
+        else
+            throw new DataException("Unexpected type in Cast transformation: " + value.getClass());
+    }
+
+    private static long castToInt64(Object value) {
+        if (value instanceof Number)
+            return ((Number) value).longValue();
+        else if (value instanceof Boolean)
+            return ((boolean) value) ? (long) 1 : (long) 0;
+        else if (value instanceof String)
+            return Long.parseLong((String) value);
+        else
+            throw new DataException("Unexpected type in Cast transformation: " + value.getClass());
+    }
+
+    private static float castToFloat32(Object value) {
+        if (value instanceof Number)
+            return ((Number) value).floatValue();
+        else if (value instanceof Boolean)
+            return ((boolean) value) ? 1.f : 0.f;
+        else if (value instanceof String)
+            return Float.parseFloat((String) value);
+        else
+            throw new DataException("Unexpected type in Cast transformation: " + value.getClass());
+    }
+
+    private static double castToFloat64(Object value) {
+        if (value instanceof Number)
+            return ((Number) value).doubleValue();
+        else if (value instanceof Boolean)
+            return ((boolean) value) ? 1. : 0.;
+        else if (value instanceof String)
+            return Double.parseDouble((String) value);
+        else
+            throw new DataException("Unexpected type in Cast transformation: " + value.getClass());
+    }
+
+    private static boolean castToBoolean(Object value) {
+        if (value instanceof Number)
+            return ((Number) value).longValue() != 0L;
+        else if (value instanceof Boolean)
+            return (Boolean) value;
+        else if (value instanceof String)
+            return Boolean.parseBoolean((String) value);
+        else
+            throw new DataException("Unexpected type in Cast transformation: " + value.getClass());
+    }
+
+    private static String castToString(Object value) {
+        return value.toString();
+    }
+
+    protected abstract Schema operatingSchema(R record);
+
+    protected abstract Object operatingValue(R record);
+
+    protected abstract R newRecord(R record, Schema updatedSchema, Object updatedValue);
+
+    private static Map<String, Schema.Type> parseFieldTypes(List<String> mappings) {
+        final Map<String, Schema.Type> m = new HashMap<>();
+        boolean isWholeValueCast = false;
+        for (String mapping : mappings) {
+            final String[] parts = mapping.split(":");
+            if (parts.length > 2) {
+                throw new ConfigException(ReplaceField.ConfigName.RENAME, mappings, "Invalid rename mapping: " + mapping);
+            }
+            if (parts.length == 1) {
+                Schema.Type targetType = Schema.Type.valueOf(parts[0].trim().toUpperCase(Locale.ROOT));
+                m.put(WHOLE_VALUE_CAST, validCastType(targetType, FieldType.OUTPUT));
+                isWholeValueCast = true;
+            } else {
+                Schema.Type type;
+                try {
+                    type = Schema.Type.valueOf(parts[1].trim().toUpperCase(Locale.ROOT));
+                } catch (IllegalArgumentException e) {
+                    throw new ConfigException("Invalid type found in casting spec: " + parts[1].trim(), e);
+                }
+                m.put(parts[0].trim(), validCastType(type, FieldType.OUTPUT));
+            }
+        }
+        if (isWholeValueCast && mappings.size() > 1) {
+            throw new ConfigException("Cast transformations that specify a type to cast the entire value to "
+                    + "may ony specify a single cast in their spec");
+        }
+        return m;
+    }
+
+    private enum FieldType {
+        INPUT, OUTPUT
+    }
+
+    private static Schema.Type validCastType(Schema.Type type, FieldType fieldType) {
+        if (!SUPPORTED_CAST_TYPES.contains(type)) {
+            String message = "Cast transformation does not support casting to/from " + type
+                    + "; supported types are " + SUPPORTED_CAST_TYPES;
+            switch (fieldType) {
+                case INPUT:
+                    throw new DataException(message);
+                case OUTPUT:
+                    throw new ConfigException(message);
+            }
+        }
+        return type;
+    }
+
+    public static final class Key<R extends ConnectRecord<R>> extends Cast<R> {
+        @Override
+        protected Schema operatingSchema(R record) {
+            return record.keySchema();
+        }
+
+        @Override
+        protected Object operatingValue(R record) {
+            return record.key();
+        }
+
+        @Override
+        protected R newRecord(R record, Schema updatedSchema, Object updatedValue) {
+            return record.newRecord(record.topic(), record.kafkaPartition(), updatedSchema, updatedValue, record.valueSchema(), record.value(), record.timestamp());
+        }
+    }
+
+    public static final class Value<R extends ConnectRecord<R>> extends Cast<R> {
+        @Override
+        protected Schema operatingSchema(R record) {
+            return record.valueSchema();
+        }
+
+        @Override
+        protected Object operatingValue(R record) {
+            return record.value();
+        }
+
+        @Override
+        protected R newRecord(R record, Schema updatedSchema, Object updatedValue) {
+            return record.newRecord(record.topic(), record.kafkaPartition(), record.keySchema(), record.key(), updatedSchema, updatedValue, record.timestamp());
+        }
+    }
+
+}

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/kafka/blob/1cea4d8f/connect/transforms/src/main/java/org/apache/kafka/connect/transforms/Flatten.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/connect/transforms/src/main/java/org/apache/kafka/connect/transforms/Flatten.java b/connect/transforms/src/main/java/org/apache/kafka/connect/transforms/Flatten.java
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..c5e4000
--- /dev/null
+++ b/connect/transforms/src/main/java/org/apache/kafka/connect/transforms/Flatten.java
@@ -0,0 +1,281 @@
+/*
+ * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
+ * contributor license agreements. See the NOTICE file distributed with
+ * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
+ * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
+ * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
+ * the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ *
+ *    http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ *
+ * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
+ * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
+ * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
+ * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
+ * limitations under the License.
+ */
+
+package org.apache.kafka.connect.transforms;
+
+import org.apache.kafka.common.cache.Cache;
+import org.apache.kafka.common.cache.LRUCache;
+import org.apache.kafka.common.cache.SynchronizedCache;
+import org.apache.kafka.common.config.ConfigDef;
+import org.apache.kafka.connect.connector.ConnectRecord;
+import org.apache.kafka.connect.data.ConnectSchema;
+import org.apache.kafka.connect.data.Field;
+import org.apache.kafka.connect.data.Schema;
+import org.apache.kafka.connect.data.SchemaBuilder;
+import org.apache.kafka.connect.data.Struct;
+import org.apache.kafka.connect.errors.DataException;
+import org.apache.kafka.connect.transforms.util.SchemaUtil;
+import org.apache.kafka.connect.transforms.util.SimpleConfig;
+
+import java.util.LinkedHashMap;
+import java.util.Map;
+
+import static org.apache.kafka.connect.transforms.util.Requirements.requireMap;
+import static org.apache.kafka.connect.transforms.util.Requirements.requireStruct;
+
+public abstract class Flatten<R extends ConnectRecord<R>> implements Transformation<R> {
+
+    public static final String OVERVIEW_DOC =
+            "Flatten a nested data structure, generating names for each field by concatenating the field names at each "
+                    + "level with a configurable delimiter character. Applies to Struct when schema present, or a Map "
+                    + "in the case of schemaless data. The default delimiter is '.'."
+                    + "<p/>Use the concrete transformation type designed for the record key (<code>" + Key.class.getName() + "</code>) "
+                    + "or value (<code>" + Value.class.getName() + "</code>).";
+
+    private static final String DELIMITER_CONFIG = "delimiter";
+    private static final String DELIMITER_DEFAULT = ".";
+
+    public static final ConfigDef CONFIG_DEF = new ConfigDef()
+            .define(DELIMITER_CONFIG, ConfigDef.Type.STRING, DELIMITER_DEFAULT, ConfigDef.Importance.MEDIUM,
+                    "Delimiter to insert between field names from the input record when generating field names for the "
+                            + "output record");
+
+    private static final String PURPOSE = "flattening";
+
+    private String delimiter;
+
+    private Cache<Schema, Schema> schemaUpdateCache;
+
+    @Override
+    public void configure(Map<String, ?> props) {
+        final SimpleConfig config = new SimpleConfig(CONFIG_DEF, props);
+        delimiter = config.getString(DELIMITER_CONFIG);
+        schemaUpdateCache = new SynchronizedCache<>(new LRUCache<Schema, Schema>(16));
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public R apply(R record) {
+        if (operatingSchema(record) == null) {
+            return applySchemaless(record);
+        } else {
+            return applyWithSchema(record);
+        }
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public void close() {
+    }
+
+    @Override
+    public ConfigDef config() {
+        return CONFIG_DEF;
+    }
+
+    protected abstract Schema operatingSchema(R record);
+
+    protected abstract Object operatingValue(R record);
+
+    protected abstract R newRecord(R record, Schema updatedSchema, Object updatedValue);
+
+    private R applySchemaless(R record) {
+        final Map<String, Object> value = requireMap(operatingValue(record), PURPOSE);
+        final Map<String, Object> newValue = new LinkedHashMap<>();
+        applySchemaless(value, "", newValue);
+        return newRecord(record, null, newValue);
+    }
+
+    private void applySchemaless(Map<String, Object> originalRecord, String fieldNamePrefix, Map<String, Object> newRecord) {
+        for (Map.Entry<String, Object> entry : originalRecord.entrySet()) {
+            final String fieldName = fieldName(fieldNamePrefix, entry.getKey());
+            Object value = entry.getValue();
+            if (value == null) {
+                newRecord.put(fieldName(fieldNamePrefix, entry.getKey()), null);
+                return;
+            }
+
+            Schema.Type inferredType = ConnectSchema.schemaType(value.getClass());
+            if (inferredType == null) {
+                throw new DataException("Flatten transformation was passed a value of type " + value.getClass()
+                        + " which is not supported by Connect's data API");
+            }
+            switch (inferredType) {
+                case INT8:
+                case INT16:
+                case INT32:
+                case INT64:
+                case FLOAT32:
+                case FLOAT64:
+                case BOOLEAN:
+                case STRING:
+                case BYTES:
+                    newRecord.put(fieldName(fieldNamePrefix, entry.getKey()), entry.getValue());
+                    break;
+                case MAP:
+                    final Map<String, Object> fieldValue = requireMap(entry.getValue(), PURPOSE);
+                    applySchemaless(fieldValue, fieldName, newRecord);
+                    break;
+                default:
+                    throw new DataException("Flatten transformation does not support " + entry.getValue().getClass()
+                            + " for record without schemas (for field " + fieldName + ").");
+            }
+        }
+    }
+
+    private R applyWithSchema(R record) {
+        final Struct value = requireStruct(operatingValue(record), PURPOSE);
+
+        Schema updatedSchema = schemaUpdateCache.get(value.schema());
+        if (updatedSchema == null) {
+            final SchemaBuilder builder = SchemaUtil.copySchemaBasics(value.schema(), SchemaBuilder.struct());
+            Struct defaultValue = (Struct) value.schema().defaultValue();
+            buildUpdatedSchema(value.schema(), "", builder, value.schema().isOptional(), defaultValue);
+            updatedSchema = builder.build();
+            schemaUpdateCache.put(value.schema(), updatedSchema);
+        }
+
+        final Struct updatedValue = new Struct(updatedSchema);
+        buildWithSchema(value, "", updatedValue);
+        return newRecord(record, updatedSchema, updatedValue);
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Build an updated Struct Schema which flattens all nested fields into a single struct, handling cases where
+     * optionality and default values of the flattened fields are affected by the optionality and default values of
+     * parent/ancestor schemas (e.g. flattened field is optional because the parent schema was optional, even if the
+     * schema itself is marked as required).
+     * @param schema the schema to translate
+     * @param fieldNamePrefix the prefix to use on field names, i.e. the delimiter-joined set of ancestor field names
+     * @param newSchema the flattened schema being built
+     * @param optional true if any ancestor schema is optional
+     * @param defaultFromParent the default value, if any, included via the parent/ancestor schemas
+     */
+    private void buildUpdatedSchema(Schema schema, String fieldNamePrefix, SchemaBuilder newSchema, boolean optional, Struct defaultFromParent) {
+        for (Field field : schema.fields()) {
+            final String fieldName = fieldName(fieldNamePrefix, field.name());
+            final boolean fieldIsOptional = optional || field.schema().isOptional();
+            Object fieldDefaultValue = null;
+            if (field.schema().defaultValue() != null) {
+                fieldDefaultValue = field.schema().defaultValue();
+            } else if (defaultFromParent != null) {
+                fieldDefaultValue = defaultFromParent.get(field);
+            }
+            switch (field.schema().type()) {
+                case INT8:
+                case INT16:
+                case INT32:
+                case INT64:
+                case FLOAT32:
+                case FLOAT64:
+                case BOOLEAN:
+                case STRING:
+                case BYTES:
+                    newSchema.field(fieldName, convertFieldSchema(field.schema(), fieldIsOptional, fieldDefaultValue));
+                    break;
+                case STRUCT:
+                    buildUpdatedSchema(field.schema(), fieldName, newSchema, fieldIsOptional, (Struct) fieldDefaultValue);
+                    break;
+                default:
+                    throw new DataException("Flatten transformation does not support " + field.schema().type()
+                            + " for record without schemas (for field " + fieldName + ").");
+            }
+        }
+    }
+
+    /**
+     * Convert the schema for a field of a Struct with a primitive schema to the schema to be used for the flattened
+     * version, taking into account that we may need to override optionality and default values in the flattened version
+     * to take into account the optionality and default values of parent/ancestor schemas
+     * @param orig the original schema for the field
+     * @param optional whether the new flattened field should be optional
+     * @param defaultFromParent the default value either taken from the existing field or provided by the parent
+     */
+    private Schema convertFieldSchema(Schema orig, boolean optional, Object defaultFromParent) {
+        // Note that we don't use the schema translation cache here. It might save us a bit of effort, but we really
+        // only care about caching top-level schema translations.
+
+        final SchemaBuilder builder = SchemaUtil.copySchemaBasics(orig);
+        if (optional)
+            builder.optional();
+        if (defaultFromParent != null)
+            builder.defaultValue(defaultFromParent);
+        return builder.build();
+    }
+
+    private void buildWithSchema(Struct record, String fieldNamePrefix, Struct newRecord) {
+        for (Field field : record.schema().fields()) {
+            final String fieldName = fieldName(fieldNamePrefix, field.name());
+            switch (field.schema().type()) {
+                case INT8:
+                case INT16:
+                case INT32:
+                case INT64:
+                case FLOAT32:
+                case FLOAT64:
+                case BOOLEAN:
+                case STRING:
+                case BYTES:
+                    newRecord.put(fieldName, record.get(field));
+                    break;
+                case STRUCT:
+                    buildWithSchema(record.getStruct(field.name()), fieldName, newRecord);
+                    break;
+                default:
+                    throw new DataException("Flatten transformation does not support " + field.schema().type()
+                            + " for record without schemas (for field " + fieldName + ").");
+            }
+        }
+    }
+
+    private String fieldName(String prefix, String fieldName) {
+        return prefix.isEmpty() ? fieldName : (prefix + delimiter + fieldName);
+    }
+
+    public static class Key<R extends ConnectRecord<R>> extends Flatten<R> {
+        @Override
+        protected Schema operatingSchema(R record) {
+            return record.keySchema();
+        }
+
+        @Override
+        protected Object operatingValue(R record) {
+            return record.key();
+        }
+
+        @Override
+        protected R newRecord(R record, Schema updatedSchema, Object updatedValue) {
+            return record.newRecord(record.topic(), record.kafkaPartition(), updatedSchema, updatedValue, record.valueSchema(), record.value(), record.timestamp());
+        }
+    }
+
+    public static class Value<R extends ConnectRecord<R>> extends Flatten<R> {
+        @Override
+        protected Schema operatingSchema(R record) {
+            return record.valueSchema();
+        }
+
+        @Override
+        protected Object operatingValue(R record) {
+            return record.value();
+        }
+
+        @Override
+        protected R newRecord(R record, Schema updatedSchema, Object updatedValue) {
+            return record.newRecord(record.topic(), record.kafkaPartition(), record.keySchema(), record.key(), updatedSchema, updatedValue, record.timestamp());
+        }
+    }
+
+}

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/kafka/blob/1cea4d8f/connect/transforms/src/main/java/org/apache/kafka/connect/transforms/util/Requirements.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/connect/transforms/src/main/java/org/apache/kafka/connect/transforms/util/Requirements.java b/connect/transforms/src/main/java/org/apache/kafka/connect/transforms/util/Requirements.java
index 1d2df45..0220907 100644
--- a/connect/transforms/src/main/java/org/apache/kafka/connect/transforms/util/Requirements.java
+++ b/connect/transforms/src/main/java/org/apache/kafka/connect/transforms/util/Requirements.java
@@ -32,6 +32,7 @@ public class Requirements {
         }
     }
 
+    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
     public static Map<String, Object> requireMap(Object value, String purpose) {
         if (!(value instanceof Map)) {
             throw new DataException("Only Map objects supported in absence of schema for [" + purpose + "], found: " + nullSafeClassName(value));

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/kafka/blob/1cea4d8f/connect/transforms/src/main/java/org/apache/kafka/connect/transforms/util/SchemaUtil.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/connect/transforms/src/main/java/org/apache/kafka/connect/transforms/util/SchemaUtil.java b/connect/transforms/src/main/java/org/apache/kafka/connect/transforms/util/SchemaUtil.java
index e2b7c98..3c497cb 100644
--- a/connect/transforms/src/main/java/org/apache/kafka/connect/transforms/util/SchemaUtil.java
+++ b/connect/transforms/src/main/java/org/apache/kafka/connect/transforms/util/SchemaUtil.java
@@ -23,6 +23,10 @@ import java.util.Map;
 
 public class SchemaUtil {
 
+    public static SchemaBuilder copySchemaBasics(Schema source) {
+        return copySchemaBasics(source, new SchemaBuilder(source.type()));
+    }
+
     public static SchemaBuilder copySchemaBasics(Schema source, SchemaBuilder builder) {
         builder.name(source.name());
         builder.version(source.version());

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/kafka/blob/1cea4d8f/connect/transforms/src/test/java/org/apache/kafka/connect/transforms/CastTest.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/connect/transforms/src/test/java/org/apache/kafka/connect/transforms/CastTest.java b/connect/transforms/src/test/java/org/apache/kafka/connect/transforms/CastTest.java
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..88afafc
--- /dev/null
+++ b/connect/transforms/src/test/java/org/apache/kafka/connect/transforms/CastTest.java
@@ -0,0 +1,384 @@
+/*
+ * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
+ * contributor license agreements. See the NOTICE file distributed with
+ * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
+ * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
+ * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
+ * the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ *
+ *    http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ *
+ * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
+ * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
+ * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
+ * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
+ * limitations under the License.
+ */
+
+package org.apache.kafka.connect.transforms;
+
+import org.apache.kafka.common.config.ConfigException;
+import org.apache.kafka.connect.data.Schema;
+import org.apache.kafka.connect.data.SchemaBuilder;
+import org.apache.kafka.connect.data.Struct;
+import org.apache.kafka.connect.errors.DataException;
+import org.apache.kafka.connect.source.SourceRecord;
+import org.junit.Test;
+
+import java.util.Collections;
+import java.util.HashMap;
+import java.util.Map;
+
+import static org.junit.Assert.assertEquals;
+import static org.junit.Assert.assertNull;
+import static org.junit.Assert.assertTrue;
+
+public class CastTest {
+
+    @Test(expected = ConfigException.class)
+    public void testConfigEmpty() {
+        final Cast<SourceRecord> xform = new Cast.Key<>();
+        xform.configure(Collections.singletonMap(Cast.SPEC_CONFIG, ""));
+    }
+
+    @Test(expected = ConfigException.class)
+    public void testConfigInvalidSchemaType() {
+        final Cast<SourceRecord> xform = new Cast.Key<>();
+        xform.configure(Collections.singletonMap(Cast.SPEC_CONFIG, "foo:faketype"));
+    }
+
+    @Test(expected = ConfigException.class)
+    public void testConfigInvalidTargetType() {
+        final Cast<SourceRecord> xform = new Cast.Key<>();
+        xform.configure(Collections.singletonMap(Cast.SPEC_CONFIG, "foo:array"));
+    }
+
+    @Test(expected = ConfigException.class)
+    public void testConfigInvalidMap() {
+        final Cast<SourceRecord> xform = new Cast.Key<>();
+        xform.configure(Collections.singletonMap(Cast.SPEC_CONFIG, "foo:int8:extra"));
+    }
+
+    @Test(expected = ConfigException.class)
+    public void testConfigMixWholeAndFieldTransformation() {
+        final Cast<SourceRecord> xform = new Cast.Key<>();
+        xform.configure(Collections.singletonMap(Cast.SPEC_CONFIG, "foo:int8,int32"));
+    }
+
+    @Test
+    public void castWholeRecordKeyWithSchema() {
+        final Cast<SourceRecord> xform = new Cast.Key<>();
+        xform.configure(Collections.singletonMap(Cast.SPEC_CONFIG, "int8"));
+        SourceRecord transformed = xform.apply(new SourceRecord(null, null, "topic", 0,
+                Schema.INT32_SCHEMA, 42, Schema.STRING_SCHEMA, "bogus"));
+
+        assertEquals(Schema.Type.INT8, transformed.keySchema().type());
+        assertEquals((byte) 42, transformed.key());
+    }
+
+    @Test
+    public void castWholeRecordValueWithSchemaInt8() {
+        final Cast<SourceRecord> xform = new Cast.Value<>();
+        xform.configure(Collections.singletonMap(Cast.SPEC_CONFIG, "int8"));
+        SourceRecord transformed = xform.apply(new SourceRecord(null, null, "topic", 0,
+                Schema.INT32_SCHEMA, 42));
+
+        assertEquals(Schema.Type.INT8, transformed.valueSchema().type());
+        assertEquals((byte) 42, transformed.value());
+    }
+
+    @Test
+    public void castWholeRecordValueWithSchemaInt16() {
+        final Cast<SourceRecord> xform = new Cast.Value<>();
+        xform.configure(Collections.singletonMap(Cast.SPEC_CONFIG, "int16"));
+        SourceRecord transformed = xform.apply(new SourceRecord(null, null, "topic", 0,
+                Schema.INT32_SCHEMA, 42));
+
+        assertEquals(Schema.Type.INT16, transformed.valueSchema().type());
+        assertEquals((short) 42, transformed.value());
+    }
+
+    @Test
+    public void castWholeRecordValueWithSchemaInt32() {
+        final Cast<SourceRecord> xform = new Cast.Value<>();
+        xform.configure(Collections.singletonMap(Cast.SPEC_CONFIG, "int32"));
+        SourceRecord transformed = xform.apply(new SourceRecord(null, null, "topic", 0,
+                Schema.INT32_SCHEMA, 42));
+
+        assertEquals(Schema.Type.INT32, transformed.valueSchema().type());
+        assertEquals(42, transformed.value());
+    }
+
+    @Test
+    public void castWholeRecordValueWithSchemaInt64() {
+        final Cast<SourceRecord> xform = new Cast.Value<>();
+        xform.configure(Collections.singletonMap(Cast.SPEC_CONFIG, "int64"));
+        SourceRecord transformed = xform.apply(new SourceRecord(null, null, "topic", 0,
+                Schema.INT32_SCHEMA, 42));
+
+        assertEquals(Schema.Type.INT64, transformed.valueSchema().type());
+        assertEquals((long) 42, transformed.value());
+    }
+
+    @Test
+    public void castWholeRecordValueWithSchemaFloat32() {
+        final Cast<SourceRecord> xform = new Cast.Value<>();
+        xform.configure(Collections.singletonMap(Cast.SPEC_CONFIG, "float32"));
+        SourceRecord transformed = xform.apply(new SourceRecord(null, null, "topic", 0,
+                Schema.INT32_SCHEMA, 42));
+
+        assertEquals(Schema.Type.FLOAT32, transformed.valueSchema().type());
+        assertEquals(42.f, transformed.value());
+    }
+
+    @Test
+    public void castWholeRecordValueWithSchemaFloat64() {
+        final Cast<SourceRecord> xform = new Cast.Value<>();
+        xform.configure(Collections.singletonMap(Cast.SPEC_CONFIG, "float64"));
+        SourceRecord transformed = xform.apply(new SourceRecord(null, null, "topic", 0,
+                Schema.INT32_SCHEMA, 42));
+
+        assertEquals(Schema.Type.FLOAT64, transformed.valueSchema().type());
+        assertEquals(42., transformed.value());
+    }
+
+    @Test
+    public void castWholeRecordValueWithSchemaBooleanTrue() {
+        final Cast<SourceRecord> xform = new Cast.Value<>();
+        xform.configure(Collections.singletonMap(Cast.SPEC_CONFIG, "boolean"));
+        SourceRecord transformed = xform.apply(new SourceRecord(null, null, "topic", 0,
+                Schema.INT32_SCHEMA, 42));
+
+        assertEquals(Schema.Type.BOOLEAN, transformed.valueSchema().type());
+        assertEquals(true, transformed.value());
+    }
+
+    @Test
+    public void castWholeRecordValueWithSchemaBooleanFalse() {
+        final Cast<SourceRecord> xform = new Cast.Value<>();
+        xform.configure(Collections.singletonMap(Cast.SPEC_CONFIG, "boolean"));
+        SourceRecord transformed = xform.apply(new SourceRecord(null, null, "topic", 0,
+                Schema.INT32_SCHEMA, 0));
+
+        assertEquals(Schema.Type.BOOLEAN, transformed.valueSchema().type());
+        assertEquals(false, transformed.value());
+    }
+
+    @Test
+    public void castWholeRecordValueWithSchemaString() {
+        final Cast<SourceRecord> xform = new Cast.Value<>();
+        xform.configure(Collections.singletonMap(Cast.SPEC_CONFIG, "string"));
+        SourceRecord transformed = xform.apply(new SourceRecord(null, null, "topic", 0,
+                Schema.INT32_SCHEMA, 42));
+
+        assertEquals(Schema.Type.STRING, transformed.valueSchema().type());
+        assertEquals("42", transformed.value());
+    }
+
+    @Test
+    public void castWholeRecordDefaultValue() {
+        // Validate default value in schema is correctly converted
+        final Cast<SourceRecord> xform = new Cast.Value<>();
+        xform.configure(Collections.singletonMap(Cast.SPEC_CONFIG, "int32"));
+        SourceRecord transformed = xform.apply(new SourceRecord(null, null, "topic", 0,
+                SchemaBuilder.float32().defaultValue(-42.125f).build(), 42.125f));
+
+        assertEquals(Schema.Type.INT32, transformed.valueSchema().type());
+        assertEquals(42, transformed.value());
+        assertEquals(-42, transformed.valueSchema().defaultValue());
+    }
+
+    @Test
+    public void castWholeRecordKeySchemaless() {
+        final Cast<SourceRecord> xform = new Cast.Key<>();
+        xform.configure(Collections.singletonMap(Cast.SPEC_CONFIG, "int8"));
+        SourceRecord transformed = xform.apply(new SourceRecord(null, null, "topic", 0,
+                null, 42, Schema.STRING_SCHEMA, "bogus"));
+
+        assertNull(transformed.keySchema());
+        assertEquals((byte) 42, transformed.key());
+    }
+
+    @Test
+    public void castWholeRecordValueSchemalessInt8() {
+        final Cast<SourceRecord> xform = new Cast.Value<>();
+        xform.configure(Collections.singletonMap(Cast.SPEC_CONFIG, "int8"));
+        SourceRecord transformed = xform.apply(new SourceRecord(null, null, "topic", 0,
+                null, 42));
+
+        assertNull(transformed.valueSchema());
+        assertEquals((byte) 42, transformed.value());
+    }
+
+    @Test
+    public void castWholeRecordValueSchemalessInt16() {
+        final Cast<SourceRecord> xform = new Cast.Value<>();
+        xform.configure(Collections.singletonMap(Cast.SPEC_CONFIG, "int16"));
+        SourceRecord transformed = xform.apply(new SourceRecord(null, null, "topic", 0,
+                null, 42));
+
+        assertNull(transformed.valueSchema());
+        assertEquals((short) 42, transformed.value());
+    }
+
+    @Test
+    public void castWholeRecordValueSchemalessInt32() {
+        final Cast<SourceRecord> xform = new Cast.Value<>();
+        xform.configure(Collections.singletonMap(Cast.SPEC_CONFIG, "int32"));
+        SourceRecord transformed = xform.apply(new SourceRecord(null, null, "topic", 0,
+                null, 42));
+
+        assertNull(transformed.valueSchema());
+        assertEquals(42, transformed.value());
+    }
+
+    @Test
+    public void castWholeRecordValueSchemalessInt64() {
+        final Cast<SourceRecord> xform = new Cast.Value<>();
+        xform.configure(Collections.singletonMap(Cast.SPEC_CONFIG, "int64"));
+        SourceRecord transformed = xform.apply(new SourceRecord(null, null, "topic", 0,
+                null, 42));
+
+        assertNull(transformed.valueSchema());
+        assertEquals((long) 42, transformed.value());
+    }
+
+    @Test
+    public void castWholeRecordValueSchemalessFloat32() {
+        final Cast<SourceRecord> xform = new Cast.Value<>();
+        xform.configure(Collections.singletonMap(Cast.SPEC_CONFIG, "float32"));
+        SourceRecord transformed = xform.apply(new SourceRecord(null, null, "topic", 0,
+                null, 42));
+
+        assertNull(transformed.valueSchema());
+        assertEquals(42.f, transformed.value());
+    }
+
+    @Test
+    public void castWholeRecordValueSchemalessFloat64() {
+        final Cast<SourceRecord> xform = new Cast.Value<>();
+        xform.configure(Collections.singletonMap(Cast.SPEC_CONFIG, "float64"));
+        SourceRecord transformed = xform.apply(new SourceRecord(null, null, "topic", 0,
+                null, 42));
+
+        assertNull(transformed.valueSchema());
+        assertEquals(42., transformed.value());
+    }
+
+    @Test
+    public void castWholeRecordValueSchemalessBooleanTrue() {
+        final Cast<SourceRecord> xform = new Cast.Value<>();
+        xform.configure(Collections.singletonMap(Cast.SPEC_CONFIG, "boolean"));
+        SourceRecord transformed = xform.apply(new SourceRecord(null, null, "topic", 0,
+                null, 42));
+
+        assertNull(transformed.valueSchema());
+        assertEquals(true, transformed.value());
+    }
+
+    @Test
+    public void castWholeRecordValueSchemalessBooleanFalse() {
+        final Cast<SourceRecord> xform = new Cast.Value<>();
+        xform.configure(Collections.singletonMap(Cast.SPEC_CONFIG, "boolean"));
+        SourceRecord transformed = xform.apply(new SourceRecord(null, null, "topic", 0,
+                null, 0));
+
+        assertNull(transformed.valueSchema());
+        assertEquals(false, transformed.value());
+    }
+
+    @Test
+    public void castWholeRecordValueSchemalessString() {
+        final Cast<SourceRecord> xform = new Cast.Value<>();
+        xform.configure(Collections.singletonMap(Cast.SPEC_CONFIG, "string"));
+        SourceRecord transformed = xform.apply(new SourceRecord(null, null, "topic", 0,
+                null, 42));
+
+        assertNull(transformed.valueSchema());
+        assertEquals("42", transformed.value());
+    }
+
+    @Test(expected = DataException.class)
+    public void castWholeRecordValueSchemalessUnsupportedType() {
+        final Cast<SourceRecord> xform = new Cast.Value<>();
+        xform.configure(Collections.singletonMap(Cast.SPEC_CONFIG, "int8"));
+        xform.apply(new SourceRecord(null, null, "topic", 0, null, Collections.singletonList("foo")));
+    }
+
+
+    @Test
+    public void castFieldsWithSchema() {
+        final Cast<SourceRecord> xform = new Cast.Value<>();
+        xform.configure(Collections.singletonMap(Cast.SPEC_CONFIG, "int8:int16,int16:int32,int32:int64,int64:boolean,float32:float64,float64:boolean,boolean:int8,string:int32,optional:int32"));
+
+        // Include an optional fields and fields with defaults to validate their values are passed through properly
+        SchemaBuilder builder = SchemaBuilder.struct();
+        builder.field("int8", Schema.INT8_SCHEMA);
+        builder.field("int16", Schema.OPTIONAL_INT16_SCHEMA);
+        builder.field("int32", SchemaBuilder.int32().defaultValue(2).build());
+        builder.field("int64", Schema.INT64_SCHEMA);
+        builder.field("float32", Schema.FLOAT32_SCHEMA);
+        // Default value here ensures we correctly convert default values
+        builder.field("float64", SchemaBuilder.float64().defaultValue(-1.125).build());
+        builder.field("boolean", Schema.BOOLEAN_SCHEMA);
+        builder.field("string", Schema.STRING_SCHEMA);
+        builder.field("optional", Schema.OPTIONAL_FLOAT32_SCHEMA);
+        Schema supportedTypesSchema = builder.build();
+
+        Struct recordValue = new Struct(supportedTypesSchema);
+        recordValue.put("int8", (byte) 8);
+        recordValue.put("int16", (short) 16);
+        recordValue.put("int32", 32);
+        recordValue.put("int64", (long) 64);
+        recordValue.put("float32", 32.f);
+        recordValue.put("float64", -64.);
+        recordValue.put("boolean", true);
+        recordValue.put("string", "42");
+        // optional field intentionally omitted
+
+        SourceRecord transformed = xform.apply(new SourceRecord(null, null, "topic", 0,
+                supportedTypesSchema, recordValue));
+
+        assertEquals((short) 8, ((Struct) transformed.value()).get("int8"));
+        assertTrue(((Struct) transformed.value()).schema().field("int16").schema().isOptional());
+        assertEquals(16, ((Struct) transformed.value()).get("int16"));
+        assertEquals((long) 32, ((Struct) transformed.value()).get("int32"));
+        assertEquals(2L, ((Struct) transformed.value()).schema().field("int32").schema().defaultValue());
+        assertEquals(true, ((Struct) transformed.value()).get("int64"));
+        assertEquals(32., ((Struct) transformed.value()).get("float32"));
+        assertEquals(true, ((Struct) transformed.value()).get("float64"));
+        assertEquals(true, ((Struct) transformed.value()).schema().field("float64").schema().defaultValue());
+        assertEquals((byte) 1, ((Struct) transformed.value()).get("boolean"));
+        assertEquals(42, ((Struct) transformed.value()).get("string"));
+        assertNull(((Struct) transformed.value()).get("optional"));
+    }
+
+    @SuppressWarnings("unchecked")
+    @Test
+    public void castFieldsSchemaless() {
+        final Cast<SourceRecord> xform = new Cast.Value<>();
+        xform.configure(Collections.singletonMap(Cast.SPEC_CONFIG, "int8:int16,int16:int32,int32:int64,int64:boolean,float32:float64,float64:boolean,boolean:int8,string:int32"));
+        Map<String, Object> recordValue = new HashMap<>();
+        recordValue.put("int8", (byte) 8);
+        recordValue.put("int16", (short) 16);
+        recordValue.put("int32", 32);
+        recordValue.put("int64", (long) 64);
+        recordValue.put("float32", 32.f);
+        recordValue.put("float64", -64.);
+        recordValue.put("boolean", true);
+        recordValue.put("string", "42");
+        SourceRecord transformed = xform.apply(new SourceRecord(null, null, "topic", 0,
+                null, recordValue));
+
+        assertNull(transformed.valueSchema());
+        assertEquals((short) 8, ((Map<String, Object>) transformed.value()).get("int8"));
+        assertEquals(16, ((Map<String, Object>) transformed.value()).get("int16"));
+        assertEquals((long) 32, ((Map<String, Object>) transformed.value()).get("int32"));
+        assertEquals(true, ((Map<String, Object>) transformed.value()).get("int64"));
+        assertEquals(32., ((Map<String, Object>) transformed.value()).get("float32"));
+        assertEquals(true, ((Map<String, Object>) transformed.value()).get("float64"));
+        assertEquals((byte) 1, ((Map<String, Object>) transformed.value()).get("boolean"));
+        assertEquals(42, ((Map<String, Object>) transformed.value()).get("string"));
+    }
+
+}

http://git-wip-us.apache.org/repos/asf/kafka/blob/1cea4d8f/connect/transforms/src/test/java/org/apache/kafka/connect/transforms/FlattenTest.java
----------------------------------------------------------------------
diff --git a/connect/transforms/src/test/java/org/apache/kafka/connect/transforms/FlattenTest.java b/connect/transforms/src/test/java/org/apache/kafka/connect/transforms/FlattenTest.java
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..86851f3
--- /dev/null
+++ b/connect/transforms/src/test/java/org/apache/kafka/connect/transforms/FlattenTest.java
@@ -0,0 +1,257 @@
+/*
+ * Licensed to the Apache Software Foundation (ASF) under one or more
+ * contributor license agreements. See the NOTICE file distributed with
+ * this work for additional information regarding copyright ownership.
+ * The ASF licenses this file to You under the Apache License, Version 2.0
+ * (the "License"); you may not use this file except in compliance with
+ * the License. You may obtain a copy of the License at
+ *
+ *    http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
+ *
+ * Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
+ * distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
+ * WITHOUT WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
+ * See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
+ * limitations under the License.
+ */
+
+package org.apache.kafka.connect.transforms;
+
+import org.apache.kafka.connect.data.Schema;
+import org.apache.kafka.connect.data.SchemaBuilder;
+import org.apache.kafka.connect.data.Struct;
+import org.apache.kafka.connect.errors.DataException;
+import org.apache.kafka.connect.source.SourceRecord;
+import org.junit.Test;
+
+import java.util.Arrays;
+import java.util.Collections;
+import java.util.HashMap;
+import java.util.Map;
+
+import static org.junit.Assert.assertArrayEquals;
+import static org.junit.Assert.assertEquals;
+import static org.junit.Assert.assertNotNull;
+import static org.junit.Assert.assertNull;
+import static org.junit.Assert.assertTrue;
+
+public class FlattenTest {
+
+    @Test(expected = DataException.class)
+    public void topLevelStructRequired() {
+        final Flatten<SourceRecord> xform = new Flatten.Value<>();
+        xform.configure(Collections.<String, String>emptyMap());
+        xform.apply(new SourceRecord(null, null, "topic", 0, Schema.INT32_SCHEMA, 42));
+    }
+
+    @Test(expected = DataException.class)
+    public void topLevelMapRequired() {
+        final Flatten<SourceRecord> xform = new Flatten.Value<>();
+        xform.configure(Collections.<String, String>emptyMap());
+        xform.apply(new SourceRecord(null, null, "topic", 0, null, 42));
+    }
+
+    @Test
+    public void testNestedStruct() {
+        final Flatten<SourceRecord> xform = new Flatten.Value<>();
+        xform.configure(Collections.<String, String>emptyMap());
+
+        SchemaBuilder builder = SchemaBuilder.struct();
+        builder.field("int8", Schema.INT8_SCHEMA);
+        builder.field("int16", Schema.INT16_SCHEMA);
+        builder.field("int32", Schema.INT32_SCHEMA);
+        builder.field("int64", Schema.INT64_SCHEMA);
+        builder.field("float32", Schema.FLOAT32_SCHEMA);
+        builder.field("float64", Schema.FLOAT64_SCHEMA);
+        builder.field("boolean", Schema.BOOLEAN_SCHEMA);
+        builder.field("string", Schema.STRING_SCHEMA);
+        builder.field("bytes", Schema.BYTES_SCHEMA);
+        Schema supportedTypesSchema = builder.build();
+
+        builder = SchemaBuilder.struct();
+        builder.field("B", supportedTypesSchema);
+        Schema oneLevelNestedSchema = builder.build();
+
+        builder = SchemaBuilder.struct();
+        builder.field("A", oneLevelNestedSchema);
+        Schema twoLevelNestedSchema = builder.build();
+
+        Struct supportedTypes = new Struct(supportedTypesSchema);
+        supportedTypes.put("int8", (byte) 8);
+        supportedTypes.put("int16", (short) 16);
+        supportedTypes.put("int32", 32);
+        supportedTypes.put("int64", (long) 64);
+        supportedTypes.put("float32", 32.f);
+        supportedTypes.put("float64", 64.);
+        supportedTypes.put("boolean", true);
+        supportedTypes.put("string", "stringy");
+        supportedTypes.put("bytes", "bytes".getBytes());
+
+        Struct oneLevelNestedStruct = new Struct(oneLevelNestedSchema);
+        oneLevelNestedStruct.put("B", supportedTypes);
+
+        Struct twoLevelNestedStruct = new Struct(twoLevelNestedSchema);
+        twoLevelNestedStruct.put("A", oneLevelNestedStruct);
+
+        SourceRecord transformed = xform.apply(new SourceRecord(null, null,
+                "topic", 0,
+                twoLevelNestedSchema, twoLevelNestedStruct));
+
+        assertEquals(Schema.Type.STRUCT, transformed.valueSchema().type());
+        Struct transformedStruct = (Struct) transformed.value();
+        assertEquals(9, transformedStruct.schema().fields().size());
+        assertEquals(8, (byte) transformedStruct.getInt8("A.B.int8"));
+        assertEquals(16, (short) transformedStruct.getInt16("A.B.int16"));
+        assertEquals(32, (int) transformedStruct.getInt32("A.B.int32"));
+        assertEquals(64L, (long) transformedStruct.getInt64("A.B.int64"));
+        assertEquals(32.f, transformedStruct.getFloat32("A.B.float32"), 0.f);
+        assertEquals(64., transformedStruct.getFloat64("A.B.float64"), 0.);
+        assertEquals(true, transformedStruct.getBoolean("A.B.boolean"));
+        assertEquals("stringy", transformedStruct.getString("A.B.string"));
+        assertArrayEquals("bytes".getBytes(), transformedStruct.getBytes("A.B.bytes"));
+    }
+
+    @Test
+    public void testNestedMapWithDelimiter() {
+        final Flatten<SourceRecord> xform = new Flatten.Value<>();
+        xform.configure(Collections.singletonMap("delimiter", "#"));
+
+        Map<String, Object> supportedTypes = new HashMap<>();
+        supportedTypes.put("int8", (byte) 8);
+        supportedTypes.put("int16", (short) 16);
+        supportedTypes.put("int32", 32);
+        supportedTypes.put("int64", (long) 64);
+        supportedTypes.put("float32", 32.f);
+        supportedTypes.put("float64", 64.);
+        supportedTypes.put("boolean", true);
+        supportedTypes.put("string", "stringy");
+        supportedTypes.put("bytes", "bytes".getBytes());
+
+        Map<String, Object> oneLevelNestedMap = Collections.singletonMap("B", (Object) supportedTypes);
+        Map<String, Object> twoLevelNestedMap = Collections.singletonMap("A", (Object) oneLevelNestedMap);
+
+        SourceRecord transformed = xform.apply(new SourceRecord(null, null,
+                "topic", 0,
+                null, twoLevelNestedMap));
+
+        assertNull(transformed.valueSchema());
+        assertTrue(transformed.value() instanceof Map);
+        Map<String, Object> transformedMap = (Map<String, Object>) transformed.value();
+        assertEquals(9, transformedMap.size());
+        assertEquals((byte) 8, transformedMap.get("A#B#int8"));
+        assertEquals((short) 16, transformedMap.get("A#B#int16"));
+        assertEquals(32, transformedMap.get("A#B#int32"));
+        assertEquals((long) 64, transformedMap.get("A#B#int64"));
+        assertEquals(32.f, (float) transformedMap.get("A#B#float32"), 0.f);
+        assertEquals(64., (double) transformedMap.get("A#B#float64"), 0.);
+        assertEquals(true, transformedMap.get("A#B#boolean"));
+        assertEquals("stringy", transformedMap.get("A#B#string"));
+        assertArrayEquals("bytes".getBytes(), (byte[]) transformedMap.get("A#B#bytes"));
+    }
+
+    @Test
+    public void testOptionalFieldStruct() {
+        final Flatten<SourceRecord> xform = new Flatten.Value<>();
+        xform.configure(Collections.<String, String>emptyMap());
+
+        SchemaBuilder builder = SchemaBuilder.struct();
+        builder.field("opt_int32", Schema.OPTIONAL_INT32_SCHEMA);
+        Schema supportedTypesSchema = builder.build();
+
+        builder = SchemaBuilder.struct();
+        builder.field("B", supportedTypesSchema);
+        Schema oneLevelNestedSchema = builder.build();
+
+        Struct supportedTypes = new Struct(supportedTypesSchema);
+        supportedTypes.put("opt_int32", null);
+
+        Struct oneLevelNestedStruct = new Struct(oneLevelNestedSchema);
+        oneLevelNestedStruct.put("B", supportedTypes);
+
+        SourceRecord transformed = xform.apply(new SourceRecord(null, null,
+                "topic", 0,
+                oneLevelNestedSchema, oneLevelNestedStruct));
+
+        assertEquals(Schema.Type.STRUCT, transformed.valueSchema().type());
+        Struct transformedStruct = (Struct) transformed.value();
+        assertNull(transformedStruct.get("B.opt_int32"));
+    }
+
+    @Test
+    public void testOptionalFieldMap() {
+        final Flatten<SourceRecord> xform = new Flatten.Value<>();
+        xform.configure(Collections.<String, String>emptyMap());
+
+        Map<String, Object> supportedTypes = new HashMap<>();
+        supportedTypes.put("opt_int32", null);
+
+        Map<String, Object> oneLevelNestedMap = Collections.singletonMap("B", (Object) supportedTypes);
+
+        SourceRecord transformed = xform.apply(new SourceRecord(null, null,
+                "topic", 0,
+                null, oneLevelNestedMap));
+
+        assertNull(transformed.valueSchema());
+        assertTrue(transformed.value() instanceof Map);
+        Map<String, Object> transformedMap = (Map<String, Object>) transformed.value();
+
+        assertNull(transformedMap.get("B.opt_int32"));
+    }
+
+    @Test
+    public void testKey() {
+        final Flatten<SourceRecord> xform = new Flatten.Key<>();
+        xform.configure(Collections.<String, String>emptyMap());
+
+        Map<String, Map<String, Integer>> key = Collections.singletonMap("A", Collections.singletonMap("B", 12));
+        SourceRecord src = new SourceRecord(null, null, "topic", null, key, null, null);
+        SourceRecord transformed = xform.apply(src);
+
+        assertNull(transformed.keySchema());
+        assertTrue(transformed.key() instanceof Map);
+        Map<String, Object> transformedMap = (Map<String, Object>) transformed.key();
+        assertEquals(12, transformedMap.get("A.B"));
+    }
+
+    @Test(expected = DataException.class)
+    public void testUnsupportedTypeInMap() {
+        final Flatten<SourceRecord> xform = new Flatten.Value<>();
+        xform.configure(Collections.<String, String>emptyMap());
+        Object value = Collections.singletonMap("foo", Arrays.asList("bar", "baz"));
+        xform.apply(new SourceRecord(null, null, "topic", 0, null, value));
+    }
+
+    @Test
+    public void testOptionalAndDefaultValuesNested() {
+        // If we have a nested structure where an entire sub-Struct is optional, all flattened fields generated from its
+        // children should also be optional. Similarly, if the parent Struct has a default value, the default value for
+        // the flattened field
+
+        final Flatten<SourceRecord> xform = new Flatten.Value<>();
+        xform.configure(Collections.<String, String>emptyMap());
+
+        SchemaBuilder builder = SchemaBuilder.struct().optional();
+        builder.field("req_field", Schema.STRING_SCHEMA);
+        builder.field("opt_field", SchemaBuilder.string().optional().defaultValue("child_default").build());
+        Struct childDefaultValue = new Struct(builder);
+        childDefaultValue.put("req_field", "req_default");
+        builder.defaultValue(childDefaultValue);
+        Schema schema = builder.build();
+        // Intentionally leave this entire value empty since it is optional
+        Struct value = new Struct(schema);
+
+        SourceRecord transformed = xform.apply(new SourceRecord(null, null, "topic", 0, schema, value));
+
+        assertNotNull(transformed);
+        Schema transformedSchema = transformed.valueSchema();
+        assertEquals(Schema.Type.STRUCT, transformedSchema.type());
+        assertEquals(2, transformedSchema.fields().size());
+        // Required field should pick up both being optional and the default value from the parent
+        Schema transformedReqFieldSchema = SchemaBuilder.string().optional().defaultValue("req_default").build();
+        assertEquals(transformedReqFieldSchema, transformedSchema.field("req_field").schema());
+        // The optional field should still be optional but should have picked up the default value. However, since
+        // the parent didn't specify the default explicitly, we should still be using the field's normal default
+        Schema transformedOptFieldSchema = SchemaBuilder.string().optional().defaultValue("child_default").build();
+        assertEquals(transformedOptFieldSchema, transformedSchema.field("opt_field").schema());
+    }
+}


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