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From Jitendra Pandey <>
Subject Re: [VOTE] Ratis to enter Apache Incubator
Date Sat, 17 Dec 2016 00:02:45 GMT
Pasted the proposal text inline as well.

On 12/16/16, 3:46 PM, "Jakob Homan" <> wrote:

>+1 (binding)
>On 16 December 2016 at 15:41, Jitendra Pandey <>
>> Dear All,
>>    I would like to call a vote for accepting "Ratis" for incubation in
>>the Apache Incubator.
>> The full proposal is available below, and is also available at this
>>wiki link.
>> There are two discussion threads for this proposal, because the project
>>was renamed from Concur to Ratis based on feedback. Please look for both
>>Concur and Ratis in the archives.
>> Please cast your vote:
>>   [ ] +1, bring Ratis into Incubator
>>   [ ] +0, I don't care either way,
>>   [ ] -1, do not bring Ratis into Incubator, because...
>>  The vote will open at least for 72 hours and only votes from the
>>Incubator PMC are binding.
>> I start with my vote:
>> +1 (binding)
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= Ratis Proposal =

== Abstract ==
Ratis is an open source java implementation for RAFT consensus
protocol[1]. RAFT is being used successfully as an alternative to Paxos to
implement a consistently replicated log. RAFT is proven to be safe and is
designed to be simpler to understand.

== Proposal ==
Ratis is implemented as an independent RAFT library that can be used by
any application to manage their replicated logs or replicated state
machines. The implementation closely follows the original design proposed
in the RAFT paper.

== Background ==
Replicated log is a frequently used technique in distributed systems for
reliability and parallelism. The consistency of replicas is an important
requirement to ensure the correctness of the applications accessing the
data in these replicas. Many algorithms have been proposed and used to
maintain consistency and correctness. RAFT paper was proposed in 2012 and
has gained significant popularity since then to manage the replicated logs
and replicated state in many popular projects. Data replication is a
requirement for many projects in ASF ecosystem for example Apache Hadoop,
Apache HBase etc. We believe the Ratis project can provide an
implementation of RAFT that can fulfill the needs similar to these systems
and strengthen the ASF ecosystem.

== Rationale ==
There are a few RAFT implementations[2], but none are a part of ASF. Ratis
is significantly different because one of the critical goals of the
project is to use it as a library with pluggability for different RPC,
Raft log and state machine implementations. Another important goal of
Apache Ratis is to provide high throughput for large ingest rates of data,
with data pipeline support. This will simplify the problem of data
replication across the board. Apache Kudu uses RAFT protocol, but it has
its own C++ implementation. Apache DistributedLog project[3] (in
incubation) provides a replicated log service. However, Apache Ratis is
different as it provides a java library that other projects can use to
implement their own replicated state machine, without deploying another

== Current Status ==
The source code is available with Apache v2 license at Significant amount of code has been
added and basic functionality of RAFT is available for testing. The code
is still in pre-alpha stage and is currently being tried out in POC mode.

== Meritocracy ==
We plan to invest in supporting meritocracy. We intend to invite
additional developers to participate. We will encourage and monitor
community participation so that privileges can be extended to those that

== Community ==
The developers on the initial committers list are experienced in the ASF
   * Jing Zhao  (jing9 at apache dot org)
   * Tsz Wo Nicholas Sze (szetetszwo at apache dot org)
   * Li Lu (llu at hortonworks dot com)
   * Enis Soztutar (enis at apache dot org)
   * Anu Engineer (aengineer at apache dot org)
   * Arpit Agarwal (arpitagarwal at apache dot org)
   * Chris Nauroth (cnauroth at apache dot org)
   * Jakob Homan (jghoman at apache dot org)
   * Mayank Bansal (mayank_bansal at apache dot org)
   * Xiaoyu Yao (xyao at apache dot org)
   * Chen Liang (cliang at hortonworks dot com)
   * Hanisha Koneru (hkoneru at hortonworks dot com)
   * Xiaobing Zhou (xiaobingo at gmail dot com)
   * Mingliang Liu (liuml07 at apache dot org)
   * Uma Maheswara Rao G (umamahesh at apache dot org)
   * Jitendra Pandey (jitendra at apache dot org)

== Affiliations ==
   * Jing Zhao, Tsz Wo Nicholas Sze, Li Lu, Enis Soztutar, Anu Engineer,
Arpit Agarwal, Xiaoyu Yao, Chen Liang, Hanisha Koneru, Mingliang Liu,
Jitendra Pandey, Devaraj Das
      * Hortonworks
   * Uma Gangumalla,  Intel
   * Mayank Bansal, Uber
   * Jakob Homan, OfferUp
   * Chris Nauroth, Disney

== Alignment ==
We believe that Ratis will address the requirements of several projects
and communities in the Apache ecosystem and will gain great adoption.

== Known Risks ==

=== Orphaned Products ===
The contributors are leading users and vendors in the Apache Hadoop
ecosystem, with significant open source experience, so the risk of being
orphaned is relatively low. The project could be at risk if vendors
decided to change their strategies in the market. In such an event, the
current committers plan to continue working on the project on their own
time, though the progress will likely be slower. We plan to mitigate this
risk by encouraging and recruiting additional committers. Since replicated
log is a very common technique useful for large number of applications, we
believe many developers would like to join and contribute to the project.

=== Inexperience with Open Source ===
The initial committers include veteran Apache Members (Committers, PMC
Members and Apache Members) and other developers who have varying degrees
of experience with open source projects. All have been involved with
source code that has been released under an open source license, and also
have experience developing code with an open source development process.

=== Homogenous Developers ===
The initial list of committers include senior Apache developers from
multiple different organizations including Hortonworks, OfferUp, Intel,
Uber etc. We believe this project will benefit many different projects and
therefore more and more diverse set of developers will join over time.

=== Reliance on Salaried Developers ===
It is expected that Ratis development will occur on both salaried time and
on volunteer time, after hours. The majority of initial committers are
paid by their employer to contribute to this project. However, they are
all passionate about the project, and we are confident that the project
will continue even if no salaried developers contribute to the project. We
are committed to recruiting additional committers including non-salaried

=== Relationships with Other Apache Products ===
Most of the initial developers are active participants in Apache Hadoop
community and we expect adoption of Ratis by Hadoop Community. However,
Ratis is a generic RAFT library and we will strive to take it to more
general adoption. This project depends on Apache Maven, Apache Commons
{collections,configuration,io} and Apache Hadoop.

== Initial Source ==

== External Dependencies ==
   * Apache Maven
   * Apache Commons {collections,configuration,io}
   * Apache Hadoop
   * Netty (Apache 2.0)
   * Guava (Apache 2.0)
   * Protobuf (Google 2014)
   * gRPC (Google 2015)
   * slf4j (MIT License)
   * Mockito (MIT)
   * junit (EPL 1.0)
   * FindBugs (LGPL)

== Required Resources ==

=== Mailing List ===
   * ratis-private
   * ratis-dev
   * ratis-user
   * ratis-issues

=== Git Repository ===
Git is the preferred source control system: git://

=== Issue Tracking ===
JIRA Ratis (Ratis)

== Sponsors ==

=== Champion ===
Jitendra Pandey (jitendra)

=== Nominated Mentors ===
 * Chris Nauroth (cnauroth)
 * Devaraj Das  (devaraj)
 * Jakob Homan (jghoman)
 * Uma Maheswara Rao G (umamahesh)

=== Sponsoring Entity ===
Incubator PMC

== Reference ==
  * [1] Diego Ongaro and John Ousterhout. 2014. In search of an
understandable consensus algorithm. In Proceedings of the 2014 USENIX
conference on USENIX Annual Technical Conference (USENIX ATC'14), Garth
Gibson and Nickolai Zeldovich (Eds.). USENIX Association, Berkeley, CA,
USA, 305-320.
  * [2]
  * [3]  Apache DistributedLog (incubating)

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