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From Thierry Hanser <>
Subject GroovyShell : Can't modify (reassign) a variable within a script compiled with GroovyShell
Date Thu, 11 Feb 2016 19:13:52 GMT
Dear fellow Groovy users,

I stumbled over this unexpected behaviour. I was trying to access and modify a variable declared
in a base script class using the GroovyShell parser. Below is a minimal code illustrating
the issue. Although I can access the variable from the compiled script, I can't seem to change
its value!. This was unexpected. I tried all combinations of setters/getters/visibility and
can at the best read but never modify the variable 'x'. The same behaviour occurs with using
the GroovyScriptEngine or GroovyClassLoader

1.   Am I doing something wrong (stupid?) or is there a bug/limitation in the current parsing/compilation
2. Which is as today the preferred compiler class between GroovyScriptEngine, GroovyShell
and GroovyClassLoader?

Merci/Thank you very much in advance for your help.


import org.codehaus.groovy.control.CompilerConfiguration;
import org.codehaus.groovy.control.customizers.ASTTransformationCustomizer;

import groovy.lang.Binding;
import groovy.lang.Closure
import groovy.lang.GroovyClassLoader;
import groovy.lang.GroovyShell;
import groovy.transform.CompileStatic;;

abstract class GroovyDemoScript extends Script
    public String x;

    public GroovyDemoScript()
           System.out.println("init x: " + x);

     * Demo main
     * @param args
     * @throws Throwable
    public static void main(String...args) throws Throwable
           // Compilation configuration
           CompilerConfiguration configuration = new CompilerConfiguration();
           configuration.addCompilationCustomizers(new ASTTransformationCustomizer(CompileStatic.class));
           GroovyShell shell = new GroovyShell(this.getClass().getClassLoader(), new Binding(),

           // source code
           String scriptSource= "println '1 = ' + x; x = 'two'; println '2 = ' + x\n";

           // compile the source code and run the compiled script
           GroovyDemoScript compiledScript = shell.parse(scriptSource);


init x: one  <- initial value assignement OK :)
1 = one      <- successfully accessing 'x' from within the compiled script OK :)
2 = one      <- should be 'two' as instructed but is unchanged ??? :(

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